lunes, 13 de abril de 2015

Ornamento per mummia-maschera

Ornamento per mummia-maschera

Shabti belonging to Pasebakhaenniut (Psusennes)

Shabti belonging to Pasebakhaenniut (Psusennes)
Turquoise-blue faience shabti belonging to Psusennes. Arms crossed over the breast, holding agricultural equipment. The headband, eyes, eyebrows, agricultural equipment and the inscription on the front are in black.


mumy mask

d facing each other. On the forehead, a headband retains an udjat-eye. A winged scarab and a vulture with out-stretched wings are depicted on the top of the head. The back is decorated with the falling strands of the knotted headband, adorned with two erect cobras. At the same height, two images of the goddess Nut protect an udjat-eye with their wings. Under the headband strands, an Osiris-djed is depicted wearing the atef-crown and bearing the crook (heqa-sceptre) and the flagellum (nekhakha-sceptre).

Inventory number L 2274



A Votive Bird from Anatolia

A stone hawk looks quizzically at the visitors of the special exhibit of the Lipchitz Collection. The label calls him Hittite in the general sense of the word, and the provenance of the bird is known to have been Asia Minor. Herman V. Hilprecht, Curator of the Babylonian Section of the University Museum from 1888 until 1910, acquired this piece during his travels, but no further details are known about the original home of the sculpture.
 The hawk is carved in andesite or a similar slightly reddish stone with a coarse porous surface. In spite of the unpretentious medium, the sculptor gave the bird strong precise forms with accents of interesting surface detail. The hawk is seated in a compact vertical pose, more erect than the photograph suggests. He is about fifteen inches in height, and about half as much in depth from legs to tail (height 38.5 cm., width at base 17 cm., depth at tail 18.5 cm. Preservation intact except for a break in the tail). Excess stone has been left under the folded wings and around the legs to give the piece stability, but the upper part of the body is carved in the round.


Coffins such as this did not provide a realistic portrait of the dead person, but rather they projected an idealised image of what they wished to look like for eternity. The plaited false beard Irthorru wears was associated with the god Osiris, who was the first person to be mummified and reborn into the afterlife. This beard, along with other symbols of rebirth such as the sun and scarab beetle, would have been intended to help Irthorru’s resurrection after death.
His is painted yellow, with white eyes and a black and a green-striped beard. The top of the head has a red-outlined winged scarab (beetle) pushing a red sun-disc that lies directly above the brow. The wings of the scarab reach down the wig on either side of the face and the upper row of feathers is red and the lower row is green.
A painted collar begins at the upper-arm level and is painted in red and green on a cream ground. It has a dominant triangular pattern ending in a row of alternate yellow and red rosettes and then a row of drop-pendants in green and cream. The hands emerge from the collar and painted yellow.
The sides of the coffin base and lid are decorated with a large cobra with its hood painted in green, stretching down the whole side of the coffin to the feet. It is enclosed by white-bordered bands alternating green and red, with a white central dot, and separated by narrow white and red bars.
The wig on the base is a solid green and is decorated on the underside with a standing winged goddess, with a red sun-disc on her head and a feather in each hand.
The dominant decorative scheme is a red and green criss-cross motif on a white ground decorated by a central column of text, enclosed by red and green bands.

Unique Egyptian and Roman archaeological finds unearthed near Royston

Unique Egyptian and Roman archaeological finds unearthed near Royston

The archaeological finds form part of a cremation burial – probably of a wealthy individual - that were found by metal detectors in a field in Kelshall.
North Herts District Council is now trying to raise funds to buy the objects to display in its new museum when it opens next year.
The collection has been called a “unique find” in Britain and some of the glass dishes are thought to have been made in Alexandria, Egypt in 200 AD.
The first thing to set the metal detectors off was a complete roman jug, followed by a bronze dish and two other jugs.
Realising this was an important find it was reported and Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews, North Herts District Council’s archaeology and outreach officer investigated further.
He told the Royston Crow: “We get members of the public bringing in things to us at the museum service all the time, but it is never usually anything quite as nice as this.”
After a second dig was launched glass bottles, an iron lamp, wall mounting bracket, hobnails from a pair of shoes and a box with bronze corner bindings were also unearthed.
These were followed by two shattered, but otherwise complete, mosaic glass dishes and a decayed wooden box which held two broken clear glass cups and a pair of blue glass handles.
The largest glass bottle was hexagonal, and contained cremated bone and a worn bronze coin dating from about 174 AD. A rare octagonal bottle stood next to it.
The objects were found late last year and are currently owned by the farmer and the finder.
There are now plans to get the bone specially analysed to see if more information can be gathered about the artefact’s owner.
Keith said: “After 1800 years, finds like these still impress us with their workmanship.
“The mosaics are just incredible and they are very, very rare, nothing like them has ever been found in Britain before.
“I have never seen anything like them in my life before and everyone on the dig got very excited.
“We want to try and raise the money to put them on show, if we can’t they will go to auction and anyone could buy them.
“They will probably then disappear into a private collection and never been seen again.
“I really don’t want them to go outside of North Herts - that would be a disaster.
“I think yo can only really call it a discovery when it is on show for everyone to see.”

The Black Pharaoh in Denmark

The Black Pharaoh in Denmark

It has been said that the period between 760 BCE to 656 BCE in Egypt was the 'age of the black pharaohs'. It was during this time that ancient Egypt was ruled by a dynasty or succession of kings from Nubia, the Kingdom of Kush, a rival African kingdom just to its south in what is today northern Sudan. Beginning with king Kashta's successful invasion of Upper Egypt, what became known as the 25th Dynasty achieved the reunification of Lower Egypt, Upper Egypt, and also Kush (Nubia), the largest Egyptian empire since the New Kingdom. They introduced new Kushite cultural elements into Egypt, yet they also reaffirmed and promoted the traditional ancient Egyptian religion, temples, and artistic forms.

The dynasty reached its zenith during the powerful rule of Taharqa, who reigned between 690 and 664 BCE. Known among many other things to have allied with the Judahite King Hezekiah to save Jerusalem from the Assyrians under Sennacherib, he spent much of his reign battling the Assyrian Empire.

Now, some 2500 years after his rule and that of the other ‘black pharaohs’ of the 25th Dynasty, a special exhibit at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen, Denmark, reveals a one-of-a-kind showing of more than 70 archaeological finds to the public, summing up a time when a fusion of Egyptian and African traits and culture characterized ancient Egypt for a century. The exhibition zooms in and out on its subject, presenting temple finds of varying scope and scale as well as small, but highly sophisticated artifacts from Nubian tombs and palaces. The vast majority of the archaeological finds on display were excavated in Meroë and Kawa in present-day Sudan, where large-scale archaeological excavations are still in progress. Through photographic documentation, including reports from the Glyptotek’s most recent expedition in the area, and through reconstructions of the arrays of objects that appeared to the archaeologists working there in the present, some 2,500 years after the last black pharaohs ruled, the exhibition seeks to capture echoes of that distinctive time. Noteworthy among the objects is Taharqa’s classical sphinx, a prominent loan from the British Museum, which has made the extraordinary gesture of allowing the Glyptotek to display one of the highlights from its own collection.
The exhibition supplements the Glyptotek’s rich collections from the period with important loans from the National Museum of Denmark and the British Museum. In preparation for this exhibition, the Glyptotek has carried out extensive restoration and conservation work on a number of archaeological finds. Two large stelae that were completely smashed during transit from Sudan a hundred years ago have now been pieced back together and are exhibited for the first time ever. They are presented here alongside two other stelae, also owned by the Glyptotek, which were found at the same site: Taharqa’s large temple in Kawa.

The exhibit, Taharqa: The Black Pharaoh, will be shown at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen, Denmark, from April 26 to June 28, 2015.


To accompany the exhibition the Glyptotek will publish a catalogue, in English, written by the exhibition curator, Tine Bagh. The book provides the first-ever comprehensive account of the Glyptotek’s collection of finds from Meroë and Kawa in Sudan.
Finds from J. Garstang’s Excavations in Meroe and F. Ll. Griffith’s in Kawa, Sudan, in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.

The exhibition is sponsored by Knud Højgaards Fond.

This article was written with some edited and adapted text from the subject Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek press release.

Ancient Tomb Reveals Man Sacrificed for Noblewoman's Burial

Ancient Tomb Reveals Man Sacrificed for Noblewoman's Burial

Archaeologists in South Korea have unearthed an ancient tomb with remains of a young man and woman lying next to each other. Far from being a romantic scene, the burial represent a human sacrifice in which the man was killed to be entombed with the woman, according to researchers at the Cultural Heritage Administration in South Korea.
Made of soil and stone and dating to the late fifth or early sixth century, the tomb was found near the coastal city of Gyeongju. The site was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla, which flourished for nearly a millennium, from 57 B.C. to 935 A.D., producing 56 monarchs, intricately crafted gold ornaments and beautiful Buddhist temples.
According to the archaeologists, leg bones and teeth indicate that one skeleton belonged to a woman in her 30s.
“She wore a belt which appears to be decorated with gold earrings and gold leaf,” the Cultural Heritage Administration said in a statement.
Skulls in China Reveal Mass Female Sacrifice
Position of bones and teeth of the man, who was possibly younger than the woman, suggest he lay in parallel position, his head adjacent to hers.
The woman was also buried with jade green jewels and a threaded necklace made of beads.
In a separate room within the tomb, the archaeologists unearthed a sword, pottery and horse riding equipment, all thought to have belonged to the woman.
Matching historical records about the Silla dynasty, the finds indicated the female was probably a noblewoman who rode horses and was used to handle weapons.
Oldest Temple in Mexican Valley Hints at Human Sacrifice
Throughout the Silla kingdom, women enjoyed a relatively high status — the dynasty produced three reigning queens.
Researchers believe the tomb was built for the noblewoman since no accessories were related to the man – a strong indicator he was the human sacrifice.
“This is not the first case where a male sacrifice is buried in a female’s tomb,” researcher Kim Kwon-il told Korea’s JoongAng Daily.
“However, male sacrifices were often buried in the room where the artifacts were, as guards, so to speak, for the dead.”
Video: Mythical Viking Sunstone Is Real

He noted this is the first time that a male human sacrifice is placed adjacent to a noblewoman.
“The man could have been a servant, body guard or lover,” Lee Han-sang, professor at Daejeon University, an expert in Silla history, told South Korea’s daily The Chosun Ilbo.
“The discovery is important because it shows an unknown type of burial of the living with the dead in the Silla period,” he added.
Excavation at the site will continue until the end of the month. A total of 24 tombs have been found so far.
Image: The Silla dynasty tomb with bones and artifacts. Credit: Cultural Heritage Administration, South Korea.

domingo, 12 de abril de 2015

Carved wooden fish showing the cartouche of Intef VII

Carved wooden fish showing the cartouche of Intef VII (Nub-Kheper-Ra) from the 17th Dynasty c.1580-1550 BC. Cosmetic dishes are often in the form of the Nile fish Tilapia Nilotica, which is easily distinguished by its arrangement of fins as well as its general shape. In some examples the dish had a hinged lid.
Cairo museum website

sábado, 11 de abril de 2015

Toilet Dish in Two Parts in the Form of a Fish

Toilet Dish in Two Parts in the Form of a Fish
A container for cosmetics or possibly medical ointment, this covered dish represents a tilapia fish. The tilapia symbolized fertility and was believed to promote abundance on earth and a renewed life after death. This container's lid swivels open at the tail.
  • Medium: Graywacke, inlay of shell and black paste
  • Place Made: Saqqara, Egypt
  • Dates: ca. 3000-2800 B.C.E.
  • Dynasty: I Dynasty
  • Period: early Dynastic Period
  • Dimensions: 3 1/4 x 1 3/4 in. (8.3 x 4.4 cm) 
    Brooklyn Museum
brooklyn museum website

viernes, 10 de abril de 2015

Glass head pendant

Glass head pendant

Period: Classical

Date: 5th century B.C.

Culture: Phoenician or Carthaginian

Medium: Glass; rod-formed, trailed, and tooled

Dimensions: 1 7/16 × 1 1/8 × 3/4 in. (3.6 × 2.8 × 1.9 cm)

Classification: Glass

Credit Line: Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1881

Accession Number: 81.10.151
Semi-opaque cobalt blue, with additions in opaque yellow, translucent pale yellow brown, and semi-opaque turquoise green, and eyes in an uncertain color, appearing black.
Cylindrical with large rod hole at bottom, slightly indented on top; arched rounded edge at back, front projecting downwards; applied suspension loop on top of head.
Applied row of large curls across forehead in brown; upper half of face in turquoise green, with long yellow eyebrows and black and yellow stratified eyes; yellow mouth and pairs of dots at sides of head for ears.
Broken, with lower part of face and nose missing; dulling, pitting, faint iridescent weathering, and some encrustation.
Met Museum


This piece is remarkable for its fidelity to Egyptian models, fine execution, well-preserved color as well as the articulation of the back. The figure wears and Egyptian kilt, or shenti, and wig. Although Egypt controlled Cyprus for part of the sixth century, the Phoenicians had introduced Egyptian features considerably earlier.
Limestone youth
Period: Archaic
Date: early 6th century B.C.
Culture: Cypriot
Medium: Limestone
Dimensions: Overall: 4 7/8 x 2 x 1 3/4 in. (12.4 cm)
Classification: Stone Sculpture
Credit Line: The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76
Accession Number: 74.51.2571
Met Museum

Limestone youth

This piece is remarkable for its fidelity to Egyptian models, fine execution, well-preserved color as well as the articulation of the back. The figure wears and Egyptian kilt, or shenti, and wig. Although Egypt controlled Cyprus for part of the sixth century, the Phoenicians had introduced Egyptian features considerably earlier.

Limestone youth

Period: Archaic

Date: early 6th century B.C.

Culture: Cypriot

Medium: Limestone

Dimensions: Overall: 4 7/8 x 2 x 1 3/4 in. (12.4 cm)

Classification: Stone Sculpture

Credit Line: The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76

Accession Number: 74.51.2571

Met Museum

Phoenician-style ewer

Phoenician-style ewer

Period: Iron Age
Date: ca. 7th–6th century B.C.
Geography: Iberian Peninsula
Medium: Bronze
Dimensions: 14 in. (35.6 cm)
Classification: Metalwork-Vessels
Credit Line: Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1955
Accession Number: 55.121.1

jueves, 9 de abril de 2015

Coffin for scarab

Coffin for scarab
Lower part of an animal coffin consisting of a rectangular piece of wood with an oval depression in the middle of its upper surface. On it is a large scarab made of dark blue faience. Around the lower edge of the animal is a line of text in black ink.


sábado, 4 de abril de 2015

Detail of the statue of Ebih-Il

Detail of the statue of Ebih-Il, intendant, Early Dynastic.
gypsum, lapis lazuli and Shell.
Height: 52.5 cm (20.7 in). Width: 20.6 cm (8.1 in). Depth: 30 cm (11.8 in).
from the temple of Ishtar at Mari
Excavated by André Parrot, 1934-1935...

The wooden model of domestic animals

The wooden model of domestic animals features a cow and two calves, painted in white and black, and three donkeys.
XI dinasty
Cairo Museum

viernes, 3 de abril de 2015

Brickmakers Getting Water from a Pool, Tomb of Rekhmire

Brickmakers Getting Water from a Pool, Tomb of Rekhmire

Artist: Nina de Garis Davies (1881–1965)
Period: New Kingdom
Dynasty: Dynasty 18
Reign: reign of Thutmose III–early Amenhotep II
Date: ca. 1479–1425 B.C.
Geography: Original from Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Rekhmire (TT 100)
Medium: Tempera on Paper
Dimensions: facsimile: h. 48.5 cm (19 1/8 in); w. 45.5 cm (17 15/16 in) scale 1:1 framed: h. 52.1 cm (20 1/2 in); w. 48.3 cm (19 in)
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1930
Accession Number: 30.4.89
Met Museum

Ancient Egyptian Callygraphy

Ancient Egyptian Callygraphy
Henry George Fisher…/fischer_eg_calligraphy.pdf


Netting Birds, Tomb of Khnumhotep

Artist: Nina de Garis Davies (1881–1965)
Period: Middle Kingdom
Dynasty: Dynasty 12
Reign: reign of Amenemhat II
Date: ca. 1897–1878 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Beni Hasan, Tomb of Khnumhotep (Tomb 3), MMA graphic expedition 1931 (probably)
Medium: Tempera on paper
Dimensions: facsimile: h. 101 cm (39 3/4 in); w. 260 cm (102 3/8 in) Scale 1:1 framed: h. 104.1 cm (41 in.); w. 264.5 cm (104 1/8 in.)


KEY STAGE 2 Starting Points
A Guide for Teachers to Room 4


Flinders Petrie

tesoro de Príamo

jueves, 2 de abril de 2015

Burial practices of the Final Neolithic pastoralists at Gebel Ramlah, Western Desert of Egypt.

Burial practices of the Final Neolithic pastoralists at
Gebel Ramlah, Western Desert of Egypt.
Michał Kobusiewicz, Jacek Kabaciński, Romuald Schild, Joel D. Irish and Fred
British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 13 (2009): 147–74

Roman collared slaves

Roman collared slaves. — Marble relief, from Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey), 200 CE. Collection of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England.

Esclaves travaillant dans une mine

Esclaves travaillant dans une mine. Peinture sur plaquette en terre cuite corinthienne, Ve siècle av. J-C.
photographie d'une photographie de l'ouvrage les Mines antiques du Laurion, PEMF, 2005