sábado, 17 de diciembre de 2011

TT33 Petamenophis

Hubo una coferencia en Lúxor acerca de esta tumba que estaba anunciada en news from the valley.
Aquí en esta página podeis ver un vídeo que dura unos 5 minutos, sobre la TT33 (Petamenophis). El vídeo completo es mucho más largo.
En posts posteriores podemos hablar sobre esta tumba.


Esta foto es del año 2005, el día 7 de diciembre fue el día de la apertura oficial de la tumba de Petamenophis (Padiamenope, Xry.y-Hb Hrj-tp) por l doctor Sabry Abd.

touregypt , foto del artículo de Jane Akshar
aqui tenemos un plano de la tumba de Petamenophis (TT33

y una foto del interior de la tumba, ya hablaremos mas adelante sobre la misma.

fuente fotos:

Muestro otras fotos de touregypt

de Petemenophis en el museo de Berlin

Pediamenopet's Curse

By Dr. Zahi Hawass

Cairo, Asharq Al-Awsat- Pediamenopet was an Ancient Egyptian priest who built a tomb for himself in the region known as al-Asasif, west of Luxor. The tomb is known as Tomb 33 [TT33], and many myths and stories have emerged surrounding this tomb to the point that some archeologists even fear entering it. It is generally believed that Pediamenopet was one of the most important magicians in ancient Egypt, where witchcraft and magic was part of the ancient Egyptian priesthood. In fact, the skills and powers of ancient Egyptian priest's in witchcraft and magic have even been referred to in the holy Quran. Researchers and archeologists have had numerous accidents in this tomb, especially in the vertical shaft that must be traversed in order to reach Pediamenopet's burial chamber. This vertical shaft descends for approximately 7 meters in depth, and there have been a number of accidents here, with people falling down this vertical shaft and harming themselves, resulting in archeologists speculating that this vertical shaft is cursed.

The first recorded story of an accident taking place in this tomb was in 1798, when French scholars attached to the French Campaign in Egypt were recording and studying the antiquities of Upper Egypt. These French scholars worked day and night to document ancient Egyptian artifacts and antiquities, and in fact they were even able to publish an important encyclopedia called the "Description de l'Egypte" about Egypt. The story goes that one French scholar entered Pediamenopet's tomb, carrying only a candle in order to observe the engravings and hieroglyphics on the tomb's walls, however he fell down this vertical shaft to his death. Approximately two centuries later, a German archeologist was cataloguing the tomb in 1874, as part of research into a book he was writing on the importance of the engravings and hieroglyphics on the walls of the tomb, when he also fell down this vertical shaft.

There is no historical record of what happened in this tomb following the death of the French scholar and prior to the death of the German archeologist, however a similar such event – which we hope will be the last of its kind – also took place recently. Egyptian archeologist Professor Ali al-Asfar was recently accompanying some foreign archeologists on a tour of Tomb 33 when he also fell down this vertical shaft, however thanks to divine providence he was not killed in this incident, instead suffering multiple broken bones. Al-Asfar was sent to Germany for medical treatment, and we thank God that he has recovered, although this is not a full-recovery and he still suffers the after-affects of some of these fractures till this day. After Professor al-Asfar returned to Egypt, he resolved to transfer from his job at Luxor to any other position, and he is now the Director of the Giza Pyramid complex. The words "vertical shaft" now panic Dr. al-Asfar, and I don't think that he will ever resolve to descent a vertical shaft again, whether this is 7 centimeters underground or 7 meters!

After this incident, al-Asfar asked those responsible for Tomb 33 why this vertical shaft was not covered, as is the case with other shafts in other ancient Egyptian tombs. The answer was that a metal covering was made to cover this shaft on more than one occasion, but over time, as the shaft has had to be re-opened to allow archeologists and researchers to descend in order to reach Pediamenopet's burial chamber, this metal covering has been misplaced, and – for one reason or another – the shaft has remained uncovered.

As a result of this, there is much speculation surrounding the tomb's owner, the ancient Egyptian priest Pediamenopet, and the curse that he placed on the vertical shaft that leads to his burial chamber…and so Pediamenopet and this vertical shaft have become another ancient Egyptian myth!

Mummification Museum Lecture - TT33 Padiamenope ala Petamenophis Pr Claude Traunecker.Petame

TT33 Padiamenope ala Petamenophis Pr Claude Traunecker.

Sadly this lecture was () in French so my notes are from the occasional English slide title

The tomb is situated in the Assasif next to Pabasa. It is the largest tomb in Egypt. In 1737 Richard Pocoke thought it was () the subterranean palace of a kiing. It is described in Description de la Egypt and comprises a succession of rooms with an underground burial area. The openiing of the tomb was () mentioned in a novel by Paul Ivory

In 1881 W Johannes Dumuchen from the University of Strasbourg commented about the architecture, it is a very atypical layout and mentioned his family mother (Look Mothers) NamenKhetuset and wife Tudit

The tomb was () used as storage for many years and many rooms were inaccessible. The tomb was () reopened 5th Decemberr () 2oo5. heeree he showed a photo of the reopeniing and yours truly was () in shot!! I wrote some notes at that time which you may wish to look at the end.

The main areas they are workiing in is
1) Epigraphic
2) Excavatiing and cleariing
3) Restoration of the mudbrick
He shows 2 uncles, 3 aunts, 5 male cousins and 2 female cousins on his mother (Look Mothers)s side

He is described as Royal Scribe, Priest of Montu, chief lecture priest of Nekhbet, overseer of the secrets of the 2 royal cobra and house of morniing, who takes care of the great of magic (crown).

Theeree is a massive amount of inscriptions from a numberr () of books of the dead it is like a stone subterranean library, an Osirian temple with him as a priest. All the texts hidden in the burial area are also available at the public levels.

My notes from the openiing of the tomb
Today was () the official openiing of the tomb of Petamenophis (Padiamenope, Xry.y-Hb Hrj-tp) (TT33) by Dr Sabry Abd El Aziz, the deputy of Dr Zahi Hawas ()s. It is located next to the tomb of Harwa (TT39). The tomb is hugely significant, beiing, well huge. At this point, it is the largest tomb in Egypt and yet we really do not know vvhy the owner of it was () so blessed, but perhaps future work may reveal this secret.

Indeed, he was () a high official, describiing himself as "Seal bearer and Sole Beloved Friend, Lector and Scribe of the Records in the Sight of the Kiing". In this inscription the kiing is not named, but theeree is an inscription in the northern part of the great outer courtyard, discoveredd by Lepidus, with a Plan of the Tomb of Petamenophis, a cartouche containiing the name of a Kiing Haremhab (Horemheb?), next to the name of Petamenophis. However, stylistically, many scholars believe that Petamenophis' tomb could not be dated as early as the 18th or early 19th dynasty. In this regard, the tomb appears to date no earlier than the Ethiopian Period (when Nubians ruled Egypt). Some scholars believe that Petamenophis may have lived duriing the rule of Psammetichus I, the first kiing of the 26th Dynasty. In any event, Petamenophis must have been, to judge from his titles, a learned man and theologian. It should be noted that theeree is a statue of Petamenophis in the Egyptian Antiquities Museum in Cairo.

The tomb of Petamenophis, located in the Assasif section of tombs on the West Bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes), was () first described in detail by Lepidus in his pioneeriing work, Officials examiniing the reliefs within the tomb Denkmaeler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien. The tomb was () later visited and described separately by Wilkinson, by Duemichen and others, before Maspero, seeiing its deterioratiing condition and realiziing the necessity of protectiing it from despoliation, had it sealed at the end of the last century. It remained closed until 1936 when W. F. von Bissiing obtained permission to reopen it with the purpose of performiing a definitive survey and publication. Braviing the billions of bats infestiing the place and the thick air (the ventilation shafts left much to be desiredd) he perseveredd, and within two years (1938) published a detailed description of the finds.
Theereeafter, for decades, the tomb was () used as a storeroom with boxes, some labelled, some not. Theeree were boxes from the tomb of Tutankhamen with biological matter (plants), statues, sarcophagi and altogether some 1,ooo objects. Theeree were registers for some of these boxes. One from 1964 was () compiled by the Polish team workiing at Deir el-Bahri, and showed lists which accompanied black and white phootos. This material has now been moved to a storage facility near the Carter House near the Valley of the Kiings.

Lately, actually over the last two years, a team from the University of Strasbourg, led by M. Traurecker, has been cleariing the first three chamberr ()s of this huge tomb and it has just now been opened for a first official viewiing. The openiing was () attended by many important officials from the Supreme Council and other archaeologists workiing in the area, such as Francesco Tiradritti. The next stage will be the cleaniing, restoration and conservation of the tomb. It has important texts such as the Book of the Dead which needd to be studied. In fact it is one of the most important, if not the most important, source for sacredd texts duriing the period of Egyptian history. For example, theeree is also a Late Period version of the Book of Caverns in the tomb, which has yielded otherwise missiing parts of this text. But the most amaziing thiing about this tomb is its sheer size, with some 330 meters of corridors.
It may be some time yet before this tomb is open to the public, but perhaps now we may see an end in sight when the public will be able to explore this vast monument. Perhaps, more importantly, theeree may be more to learn as work progresses toward that end

Healty Livings.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario